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Land Rights In Africa - Southern Africa: Zimbabwe

 

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Zimbabwe

An Analysis of Transparency and Accountability in Land Sector Governance in Zimbabwe 2013 NEW
Source: Transparency International Zimbabwe (Manase Chiweshe, Patience Mutopo, Mary Jane Ncube, Farai Mutondoro)
Summary: Contains 6 chapters: introduction, accountability issues in urban land management, transparency and accountability in communal land management, corruption and land reform programmes, accountability issues in large scale land deals, gender, youths and land corruption. The ļ¬ndings show that land governance is fragmented creating opportunities for corruption in and across institutions. The multiplicity of players involved in land administration, weak legal frameworks and excessive discretionary powers given to some administrators result in a lack of transparency and integrity in the sector.
Date: July 2014
Download (11,832K pdf) -Kubatana website-

“I Would Rather Have My Land Back”. Subaltern Voices and Corporate/State Land Grab in the Save Valley
Source: LDPI Working Paper 20 (E. Kushinga Makombe)
Summary: Includes the land deal and competing land claims, socio-historical context, corporate responsibility or corporate displacement?, Mangoma and “angry villagers”. The case study of Chisumbanje, Zimbabwe, shows how ambiguous land rights emerge historically, particularly over state land, and that these long-running ambiguities come to the fore when land deals are struck. Issues that have lain dormant for decades become the focus for intense contests, which become captured by contemporary interest groups.
Date: February 2013
Download (394K pdf) -ISS website-

Gendered Dimensions of Land & Rural Livelihoods. The case of new settler farmer displacement at Nuanetsi Ranch, Mwenezi District, Zimbabwe
Source: LDPI Working Paper 8 (Patience Mutopo)
Summary: Nuanetsi Ranch had been invaded by villagers from different parts of Mwenezi, Chiredzi and Chivi communal areas since 2000. In February 2010, the government announced that the settlers had to be removed and resettled in other ’uncontested lands’ in the area, compromising their rights to sustainable livelihoods, human development and land acquisition. The perceptions of the men and women resident at Chigwizi has had a bearing on understanding the nature of gendered land and rural livelihoods in the context of biofuel production in Zimbabwe, after fast track land reform.
Date: October 2012
Download (1,849K pdf) -PLAAS website-

Time to farm. A qualitative inquiry into the dynamics of the gender regime of land and labour rights in subsistence farming: an example from the Chiweshe communal area, Zimbabwe
Source: Karin Steen (Ph.D thesis, Lund University)
Summary: Investigates how access to and control over land and labour rights are governed by gender and how that determines men’s and women’s social goals in production and reproduction. Shows how land, besides being a natural resource for food production, is also an important social, cultural and intergenerational symbol, especially for men.
Date: September 2011
Download (2,983K pdf) -Lund University website-

Land Rights and Tenure Security in Zimbabwe’s post Fast Track Land Reform Programme
Source: Prosper B. Matondi and Marleen Dekker (A synthesis report for LandAc)
Summary: Includes learning from the commercial sector - freehold title deeds, pre-1980-2010; learning from Zimbabwean customary tenure systems; learning from the state resettlement programme - permit tenure, 1980-2010; fast track land reform, 2000-2010, policy implications and recommendations.
Date: March 2011
Download (662K pdf) -Ruzivo Trust website-

A field not quite her own: single women’s access to land in communal areas of Zimbabwe
Source: Gaynor G. Paradza (International Land Coalition Working Paper 11)
Summary: Includes evolution of communal areas in Zimbabwe, research context and findings, processes leading to matongo, vulnerability of women’s land access, bargaining for land in patrimonial governance systems.
Date: March 2011
Download (4,294K pdf) -ILC website-

The social, political and economic transformative impact of the Fast Track Land Reform Programme on the lives of women farmers in Goromonzi and Vungu-Gweru Districts of Zimbabwe
Source: International Land Coalition, Research Report 8 (Phides Mazhawidza and Jeanette Manjengwa)
Summary: Includes background; conceptual framework; methodology; research findings - security of tenure, cultural practices, gender inequalities, land utilisation, constraints to production, a passion for farming, gender bias against women farmers in access to and utilization of land; lessons learnt, recommendations.
Date: March 2011
Download (1,165K pdf) -ILC website-

Zimbabwe’s land reform ten years on - new study dispels the myths
Source: Ian Scoones (IDS Sussex)
Summary: Focus on a new book Zimbabwe’s Land Reform: Myths and Realities by Ian Scoones, Nelson Marongwe, Blasio Mavedzenge, Felix Murimbarimba, Jacob Mahenehene and Chrispen Sukume. It asks what has happened in the ten years since large areas of Zimbabwe’s commercial farm land were invaded by land-hungry villagers, and challenges the view that land reform was an unmitigated disaster. Includes interviews with Ian Scoones, a series of 6 articles in The Zimbabwean, and links to related publications.
Date: 16 November 2010
Download -IDS Sussex website-

Zimbabwe Working Papers
Source: Livelihoods after Land Reform
Summary: The results of a small grants competition aimed at generating insights into land reform based on original and recent field research by young Zimbabwean scholars. 15 grants were awarded and the results are to be found in these Working Papers.
Date: July 2010
Download the 15 papers separately -Livelihoods after Land Reform website-

Fast Track Land Reform Baseline Survey in Zimbabwe: Trends and Tendencies, 2005/06
Source: African Institute for Agrarian Studies
Summary: Chapters cover access to and distribution of land; land tenure, resource control, and conflicts; non-agricultural production strategies; agrarian labour processes and social relations; social services and reproduction strategies; local ‘grievances’ and social organisation; agrarian structure and class formation; emerging agrarian questions and politics.
Date: December 2009
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Gender Implications of Decentralised Land Reform: The Case of Zimbabwe
Source: Jeanette Manjengwa and Phides Mazhawidza (PLAAS Policy Brief 30)
Summary: Includes land reform: perpetuating patriarchal land policies?; Fast Track Land Reform: decentralisation or recentralisation?; women’s access to land in the land reform process; constraints faced by women in accessing land; who is pushing the agenda for better access to and utilisation of land for women?; conclusion: women beneficiaries of land reform; recommendations.
Date: December 2009
Download (341K pdf) -PLAAS website-

Land in Zimbabwe: past mistakes, future prospects
Source: Africa All Party Parliamentary Group (UK)
Summary: Includes timeline of events, key findings and recommendations, understanding the legacy of Lancaster House, the impact of land reform, recommendations for recovery - land reform goals, Britain’s role in future land reform programmes.
Date: December 2009
Download (3,714K pdf) -Royal African Society website-

Land and Livelihoods in Zimbabwe
Source: Ian Scoones (IDS Sussex)
Summary: A website link to a series of documents on the global political agreement one year on, land reform ‘success’ and ‘viability’ in Zimbabwe, myths and realities in Zimbabwe’s land reform, adding to the evidence base, policy dialogue - charting the way forward, a panel debate, photographs, interviews with beneficiaries.
Date: 5 October 2009
Download -IDS Sussex website-

Multiple Realities: An Assessment of the Impact of a Generation of Land Redistribution on Food Security and Livelihoods in Zimbabwe
Source: Bill H. Kinsey
Summary: Examines the ways in which the livelihoods of resettled households have evolved over some 28 years in response to the opportunities created by access to additional, productive land. Looks both at livelihood trajectories and outcomes in the resettlement areas and at selected contrasts between the communities of origin and the new communities. Set in a context characterized by recurring drought, policy shifts, declining public sector support, long-term demographic shifts, and the rising toll of HIV and AIDS. Asks to what extent have the programme’s original welfare objectives-food security and the enhancement of rural livelihoods-been achieved. Draws both upon a wide body of empirical data from the author’s 26-year study of three resettlement areas and a set of largely unpublished materials.
Date: 14 August 2009
Download (285K pdf)

A new start for Zimbabwe?
Source: Ian Scoones (IDS, Sussex)
Summary: On the basis of work in Masvingo Province since 2000, and as part of an ongoing regional project on Livelihoods after Land Reform in Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, offers challenges to 5 oft-repeated myths, that: Zimbabwean land reform has been a total failure; the beneficiaries of Zimbabwean land reform have been largely political ‘cronies’; there is no investment in the new resettlements; agriculture is in complete ruins; the rural economy has collapsed. Concludes that that there is urgent need for economic and political stability but that there is much to build on and positive dynamics to catalyse.
Date: 15 September 2008
Download (125K pdf) -IDS website-

Children’s Property Inheritance in the Context of HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe
Source: Laurel L. Rose (FAO HIV/AIDS Programme Working Paper 4)
Summary: Includes recent research on children’s property and inheritance rights in Southern and Eastern Africa; inheritance, relevant legislation and policy and the justice system in Zimbabwe; research in Mutoko, Seke, Binga and Manjolo Districts; discussion and recommendations.
Date: March 2008
Download (663K pdf) -FAO website-

Emerging Land Tenure Issues in Zimbabwe
Source: Sam Moyo (African Institute for Agrarian Studies Monograph No.2/2007)
Summary: Looks at agricultural leasehold rights, freehold tenure and land markets, foreign land ownership and tenure security, rentals and sharing of redistributed land, modifying customary rights, gender and class relations, farm workers, land administration and tenure security.
Date: 2007
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Land Reform and the Political Economy of Agricultural Labour in Zimbabwe
Source: Walter Chambati and Sam Moyo (African Institute for Agrarian Studies Occasional Paper No.4/2007)
Summary: Provides a socioeconomic analysis of the pre and post fast track resettlement agrarian employment structure in Zimbabwe’s commercial farming sector. Finds that the extent of employment on farms prior to fast track has been overstated, while the re-absorption of former farm workers into the agricultural sector has been greater than previously understood. Job losses have not been as pervasive as widely claimed.
Date: January 2007
Download (398K pdf)

Land Tenure in Post FTLRP Zimbabwe: Key Strategic Policy Development Issues
Source: Brian Maguranyanga and Sam Moyo (African Institute for Agrarian Studies Policy Brief No.6/2006)
Summary: Provides an overview of key political, economic and strategic policy development options for the consolidation of land tenure policies and strengthened property rights and tenure security in Zimbabwe following land reform.
Date: April 2006
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A sociological analysis of intermediary non-governmental organizations and land reform in contemporary Zimbabwe
Source: Kirk Helliker (Ph.D. thesis, Rhodes University)
Summary: The thesis offers a sociological understanding of intermediary NGOs in the modern world through a study of NGOs and land reform in contemporary Zimbabwe. Since 2000, a radical restructuring of agrarian relations has occurred, based upon the massive redistribution of land. Local empowering initiatives have dramatically asserted themselves against globalizing trajectories. These changes have posed serious challenges to land NGOs involved in land reform either as advocates for reform or as rural development NGOs. Shows how a range of diverse land NGOs has handled the heightened contradictions in their social field in ways that maintain their organizational coherence and integrity.
Date: September 2006
Download (1012K pdf) -Rhodes University website-

Commercial Farmers and the State: Interest Group Politics and Land Reform in Zimbabwe
Source: Angus Selby (PhD thesis, University of Oxford)
Summary: Original new thesis which explores the history and politics of commercial farmers in Zimbabwe, their interactions with the state, and their contests for land and other resources. Using fresh archive and key informant sources, it provides a unique perspective on Zimbabwe’s much publicised land and race debates. Argues that the dismantling of the white farming sector disguised wider political contest and provided a source of land and assets for the ruling ZANU PF with which to placate its elaborate and increasingly militarised patronage system.
Date: August 2006 (PhD thesis, University of Oxford)
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The land and property rights of women and orphans in the context of HIV/AIDS: case studies from Zimbabwe
Source: Edited by Kaori Izumi (FAO)
Summary: Covers analysis of the study sites in Seke, Buhera, Chimanimani and Bulawayo Districts, land and property rights of widows and other vulnerable women in those sites, livelihood strategies, obstacles and options, policy issues and recommendations. The study highlights the vulnerability of widows to property-rights violations.
Date: July 2006
Download (699K pdf)

Changes in the Livestock Sector in Zimbabwe following Land Reform: The Case of Masvingo Province. A Report of a Discussion Workshop
Source: B.Z. Mavedzenge, Jacob Mahenehene, Felix Murimbarimba, Ian Scoones, Will Wolmer
Summary: Workshop report draws on a larger research report examining the massively changed context for livestock policy following fast track land reform. Themes discussed were production, grazing, fodder and drought responses, marketing, livestock disease and veterinary services.
Date: 24 May 2006
Download (1,195K pdf) -IDS website-

Report of the Workshop on Housing and Tenure Security for Farm Workers in Newly Resettled Areas
Source: Farm Community Trust of Zimbabwe (FCTZ) for the Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Lands and Agriculture
Summary: Focuses on the situation of farm workers after the fast-track land resettlement programme, including issues of housing and tenure security. Includes presentations from GAPWUZ, FCTZ, and some researchers, and a report of the discussions. Annexes contain full presentations. Recommendations include that under-utilised land be made available to farm workers. The Portfolio Committee on Agriculture has since asked FCTZ to facilitate public hearings on the issue in January 2006.
Date: 14-16 October 2005
Download (121K pdf)

The Land is the Economy: Revisiting the Land Question
Source: Lloyd Sachikonye (African Security Review, 14, 3, 2005, pp.31-44)
Summary: Revisits Zimbabwe’s land question 5 years after the launching of the ‘fast-track’ land redistribution programme which has created a new paradigm, the consequences of which will take many years to work through the country’s political, economic, and social fabric. Briefly defines old and new versions of Zimbabwe’s land question before outlining salient aspects of the reform process. Assesses the outcomes of the redistribution, the apparent lacuna between land and agrarian reform, and the debate the reform process has kindled. Makes recommendations on what is necessary to secure land and agrarian reform in the short, medium, and long term.
Date: July 2005
Download (481K pdf) -Taylor & Francis website-

Report on FAO, UNIFEM and National AIDS Council Joint National Workshop on HIV and AIDS, Women’s Property Rights and Livelihoods in Zimbabwe
Source: Kaori Izumi ed (FAO Southern and East Africa)
Summary: Report divided into 5 sections: inheritance and property rights; disability rights, HIV & AIDS, women’s property rights and livelihoods; survival strategies, nutrition, psychosocial support, economic empowerment, and self-reliance; self-reliance and economic empowerment for women in the context of HIV and AIDS; inspiring initiatives from the region (Zambia, Uganda, and Kenya). Contains a number of personal testimonies. Launched the famous T-shirt: ’property and a piece of land give women peace of mind’.
Date: 1-2 December 2004
Download (2,399K pdf)

Oxfam and Land in Post-Conflict Situations in Africa: Examples from Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa, Rwanda and Angola
Source: Robin Palmer (Oxfam GB Global Land Adviser)
Summary: Presentation of 5 brief case studies of what Oxfam actually did with regards land in post-conflict situations in Africa, in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa, Rwanda and Angola, concluding with the common themes, conclusions and lessons that emerged from the case studies. Also includes a critique of the role of USAID.
Date: November 2004
Download (210K pdf)

The Situation of Commercial Farm Workers after Land Reform in Zimbabwe
Source: Lloyd M. Sachikonye (for Farm Community Trust of Zimbabwe)
Summary: An executive summary and recommendations are followed by 5 chapters: on the land question, reform and farm workers; the scope and process of fast track reform; the impact of land reform on farm workers’ livelihoods; food security, vulnerable groups, HIV-AIDS and coping strategies; and after the ‘promised land’ - towards the future. Study reveals that by early 2003, only about 100,000 of the original c.320,000 farm workers were still employed on the farms, the others are jobless and landless and have lost their entitlement to housing, basic social services and subsidised food. Only a quarter received severance packages. Family structures are under severe stress. There is an uneasy relationship with land reform beneficiaries, with conflicts over housing, land, water, and food. A series of recommendations on inputs, infrastructure, coping strategies, HIV/AIDS, informal settlements, skills, compensation, the need for transparent agrarian reform, conflict resolution, citizenship, and future models in the Southern African region - in which farm workers need to be integrated from the beginning.
Date: May 2003
Download (296K pdf)

Delivering Land and Securing Rural Livelihoods: Synthesis and Way Forward?
Source: Michael Roth (Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Summary: Concluding chapter aiming to synthesise key findings of research papers and perspectives in a volume on land and livelihoods in Zimbabwe. Proposes a strategic policy roadmap in 4 phases for re-engaging government, donors and civil society in land and agrarian reform in Zimbabwe.
Date: March 2003
Download (208K pdf)

The Fast Track Resettlement and Urban Development Nexus: the Case for Harare
Source: Nelson Marongwe (ZERO)
Summary: Contains introduction and context, research methods, policy framework for urban and peri-urban development, overview of fast track resettlement, fast track and peri-urban settlement, concluding remarks.
Date: March 2003
Download (304K pdf)

History Repeating itself in Zimbabwe? Evictions in 2002 and 1948
Source: Robin Palmer (Oxfam GB Land Policy Adviser)
Summary: Presents two personal testimonies of eviction and dispossession to illustrate the long and complex political history of land in Zimbabwe. The first concerns the eviction of white commercial farmers from one district in December 2002, the second of black peasant farmers in 1948, to make way for the white post-1945 white war veterans.
Date: January 2003
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Zimbabwe: The Politics of Land and the Political Landscape
Source: Blair Rutherford, (Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada)
Summary: Short analysis of the farm invasions from the perspective of Zimbabwe’s 300,000 farm workers, who are among those excluded from the distribution of land. In the past land invaders have been evicted by government which makes those now settled uneasy. Criticises technocratic proposals by the opposition which would also disqualify farm workers. One solution is to look at the local level, where various new forms of cooperation and sharing are occurring.
Date: 10 April 2002 (Green Left Weekly 487)
Download (126K pdf)

Zimbabwe in 2001: The Land Question, Farm Workers, and the September Conference Season
Source: Robin Palmer (Oxfam GB Land Policy Adviser)
Summary: A review of Zimbabwe in 2001, focusing on the land question and farm workers. Reflections on conferences on Zimbabwe in Copenhagen and on farm workers in Southern Africa in Harare, with a section highlighting the key issues brought out in a new book on farm workers in Zimbabwe. Argues that issues around farm workers need to be seriously rethought and debated across the political spectrum and that land is a part of a much wider crisis of governance.
Date: January 2002
Download (292 pdf)

Land Reform in Zimbabwe: Lessons and Prospects from a Poverty Alleviation Perspective
Source: Sue Mbaya
Summary: Includes background on poverty and land, stated objectives of land reform, achievements under the land reform programme, gender considerations, the case of farm workers, lessons learnt, prospects for land reform, strategic options, the role of donors.
Date: 4-5 June 2001 (SARPN Conference)
Download (330K pdf)

Rural Poverty: Commercial Farm Workers and Land Reform in Zimbabwe
Source: Godfrey Magaramombe (Farm Community Trust of Zimbabwe)
Summary: Introduction, policy issues on farm workers in the land reform discourse, current political realities, the fast track land reform programme, conclusion.
Date: 4-5 June 2001 (SARPN Conference)
Download (158K pdf)

Farm Worker Communities in the Fast Track Resettlement and Land Reform Programme 1980-Present
Source: Farm Community Trust of Zimbabwe
Summary: Gives details on a province by province basis of the number of farm workers resettled in the current fast track resettlement programme in Zimbabwe. Argues that farm workers need to be considered in this programme and the Farm Community Trust is closely monitoring the situation with this in mind.
Date: 18 December 2000
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Robert Mugabe and the Rules of the Game
Source: Robin Palmer (Oxfam GB Land Policy Adviser)
Summary: Examines the impact of the recent farm invasions in Zimbabwe. The independence compromises forced on Zimbabwe (and Namibia and South Africa) implied the legitimation of a century and more of past white land grabbing which could only be changed with the consent of the beneficiaries of this past expropriation. But Mugabe has now torn up the old rules of the game and let the genie of redistribution out of the bottle, earning himself much popular support elsewhere in Africa and causing alarm to many governments and a hasty revision of existing plans for land reform. The likely continuation of Mugabe’s brand of redistribution confronts donors with the difficult challenge of whether to walk away or re-engage under the new rules.
Date: July 2000
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Land-Grabbers
Source: Jeremy Seabrook (Third World Resurgence, 117, May 2000, pp.34-35)
Summary: The seizure of land by those with no legal title to it is what was done a thousand times over by pioneers, colonists and builders of empire. There is nothing new in the transformation of pirates into legitimate landholders who then invoke the law to protect what they have stolen. It all depends when history starts. The powerful have always grabbed land, but when the poor do it, all hell breaks loose.
Date: May 2000
Download (72K pdf)

How Land Reform Can Contribute to Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from International and Zimbabwean Experience
Source: The World Bank (Klaus Deininger, Rogier van den Brink), Free University, Amsterdam (Hans Hoogeveen), SARIPS (Sam Moyo)
Summary: Examines international evidence on the relationship between asset ownership and growth and the impact of redistributive land reform, plus evidence of the impact of land reform in Zimbabwe. Asks why it appears that resettled farmers are among the poorest in the population. Concludes that asset redistribution can be a viable strategy to enhance growth, that the performance of resettled farmers in Zimbabwe is better than is conventionally believed, and that if a land reform programme is well designed, it can have a large impact on equity as well as productivity.
Date: 26 April 2000
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A Shaky Grip on Zimbabwe’s Moral High Ground
Source: Michael Holman (Financial Times)
Summary: A historical analysis of the current land invasion crisis, examining the chequered past of the white farmers. Contrasts the present situation with the eviction without compensation by whites of Chief Tangwenya and his followers. Examines the different interpretations by the British and Zimbabwean Governments of the agreement over land reached at Lancaster House in 1979. Argues that the present media coverage lacks historical perspective and is doing the country a disservice. There are more questions needing to be asked about Britain’s role.
Date: 14 April 2000
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Zimbabwe Land Reform Update
Source: The World Bank, Zimbabwe (Rogier van den Brink, Deputy Resident Representative)
Summary: Factual summary of latest developments, including constitutional review, farm invasions, resettlement programme, land policy, maximum farm sizes. Also covers the background: September 1998 donors’ conference, November 1997 listing of 1,471 farms, degazetted farms, compulsory acquisition’s two routes (designation and fair market value), uncontested and contested farms, acquisition orders, uncertainty, donor reactions, Government response to donor concerns, the inception phase plan, new land policy, stakeholders’ support for the Government’s economic programme, next steps, commercial farmer support scheme.
Date: 2 March 2000
Download (187K pdf)

Land Resettlement in Zimbabwe
Source: DFID (Background Briefing)
Summary: A Background Briefing covering the issue, the UK’s help for resettlement, Zimbabwe Government policies, UK land resettlement policy from 1997, DFID support for land resettlement - the way forward, other DFID support for poor people in rural areas. Says the UK believes that Zimbabwe needs land reform to reduce poverty, that the principles agreed at the 1998 Land Conference should be observed, and that the UK is willing to fund schemes which are focused on helping the poor and are transparent. Announces that Britain plans to support resettlement by funding projects from the private sector and NGOs up to a total of £5 million over the next 3-5 years.
Date: March 2000
Download (148K pdf)

Urban Property Ownership and the Maintenance of Communal Land Rights in Zimbabwe
Source: Beacon Mbiba (University of Sheffield)
Summary: Short summary of a Ph.D. thesis. The dominance of the white farm issue has delayed serious attention to more subtle land conflicts. Thesis focuses on the continued maintenance of communal land rights by urban property owners. Explores what would happen if these rights disappeared. In reality and in the absence of explicit state policy, poor families and women are already relinquishing these rights, which has very practical implications for urbanisation.
Date: September 1999
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Mugabe’s ‘Land Grab’ in Regional Perspective
Source: Robin Palmer (Oxfam GB Land Policy Adviser, Africa), Paper at a conference on land reform in Zimbabwe - the Way Forward, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
Summary: Offers a critique of Mugabe’s land grab in Zimbabwe and examines the contrast between it and developments elsewhere in Southern and East Africa. Attempts to categorise different situations within this area.
Date: 11 March 1998
Download (158K pdf)

Land Reform in Zimbabwe, 1980-1990
Source: Robin Palmer (African Affairs, 89, April 1990, pp.163-81)
Summary: A study of land reform in Zimbabwe during the first decade of independence reissued here because of its striking relevance to current controversies. Asks why the issue of land reform, apparently so burning at the time of independence, went so quickly off the political agenda, only to be revived in 1989 as an election approached and the 10-year Lancaster House agreement was about to expire. Examines the roles of the Zimbabwean and British Governments, their different perceptions and quarrels, and that of the Commercial Farmers’ Union. Mentions the issues of under-utilized land and a possible land tax. Assesses the first decade of the resettlement programme, including a very positive ODA review. Concludes that Zimbabweans will probably have to wait much longer for land reform.
Date: April 1990
Download (155K pdf)

The Agricultural History of Rhodesia
Source: Robin Palmer (Chapter 9 of Robin Palmer & Neil Parsons (Eds), The Roots of Rural Poverty in Central and Southern Africa, Heinemann Educational Books, 1977)
Summary: Includes introduction; the nineteenth century; the era of peasant prosperity, 1890-1908; the white agricultural policy, 1908-14; the economic triumph of European agriculture, 1915-25; the political triumph of European agriculture, 1926-36; conclusion. Some of this also appears in the author’s long out of print book, Land and Racial Domination in Rhodesia, Heinemann, 1977
Date: 1977
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Mokoro is pleased to host the ’Land Rights in Africa’ site as a contribution to the land rights dialogue. The findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed in the papers presented in the Land Rights in Africa pages are entirely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Mokoro. Mokoro cannot guarantee the accuracy of the data included in the documents.

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